The amnion is the innermost, non-vascular membrane of the amniotic sac, which surrounds the developing foetus in the womb. Amnion donations are made by living donors, i.e. mothers who consent to donate the amnion during caesarean childbirth. The amnion has strong anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and analgesic properties, and is therefore mainly used to cover wounds. Amnion transplants represent a temporary treatment measure. After a few weeks, the transplant disintegrates and the body’s own cells regenerate the treated area.
Medical conditions that may lead to transplantation
The amnion is mainly used to treat surface wounds to the conjunctiva and/or cornea of the eye and to cover wounds in cases of severe burns or skin ulceration.