The pancreas lies across the middle of the abdomen between the spleen and the liver, behind the stomach, and leads into the small intestine. It produces digestive juices, which are released into the small intestine. The pancreas also contains what are known as “islets of Langerhans”. They produce the hormones insulin and glucagon which regulate sugar levels in the body.
Medical conditions that may lead to transplantation
Transplanting a healthy pancreas into a diabetic person can reduce or even remove the need for an external supply of insulin, as the body is once again able to regulate blood sugar levels on its own. The entire pancreas can be transplanted. In other cases, only islet cells can be transplanted.
More information on this topic: Pancreas transplantation (in german).